Glossary of Terms
Glossary of Terms
The Glossary is designed to familiarize you with company and product ingredient terms. To find a specific term, click on the letter that the word begins with. This will narrow the search and allow you to find the term more easily.
Active Requirement — 100 Personal Sales Volume (PSV) and subscribes monthly to one of the following Privileged Member Service: FountainClub, Automatic Delivery (Total of 35 PSV) or one or more Big Planet monthly-billed service with a combined total of 25 PSV.
Adaptogen — A substance that enhances the body's non-specific resistance to external and internal stresses, there by aiding adaptation to environmental challenges.
Albumen — A protein derived from egg whites; contributes to the tightening action of Face Lift Powder with Activator Original Formula.
Allantoin — An ingredient known for its soothing properties.
Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis) — recognized for its soothing and moisturizing properties.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids — An acid that increases skin cell trunover, helping reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and promote smoother clearer skin.
Alpha Lipoic Acid (Thioctic Acid) — a powerful antioxidant that is a both water and lipid soluble; helps improve the appearance of uneven texture and acne remnant marks.
Amino Acid — A building block of protein. More than 20 different amino acids are used by the body to manufacture different proteins in muscle, hair, skin, blood, and other tissues.
Antioxidant — A compound which neutralizes free radicals or prevents free radical-initiated chemical reactions.
AP-24 — A patented oral care ingredient with dimethicone and surfactants that leaves a smooth, clean feeling on teeth.
Arabinogalactan — Arabinogalactan is a polysaccharide comprised chemically of a galactan backbone with side-chains of galactose and arabinose sugars. It possesses the ability to build a more responsive immune system through its adaptogenic properties.
Arginine — An amino acid involved in the relaxation of the skin. Facilitates recovery from stress on skin.
Artichoke Extract — Artichoke extract is clinically tested to promote healthy digestive functions and is effective against occasional digestive complaints, including feelings of fullness, fat intolerance, occasional heartburn, and nausea.
Asorbic Acid — Pure, vitamin C provides powerful antioxidant protection, helps restore skin firmness and supports skin's natural defense mechanisms.
Ascorbyl Palmitate — A form of vitamin C displaying strong antioxidant properties.
Ava Puhi Extract (Zingiber Zerumbet) — Nectar from the bulb of the ava puhi plant; used for centuries by Polynesians to soften and condition hair.
Babassu Oil (Orbignya Oleifera) — Extracted from the kernels of the babassu palm sand used for generations by indigenous South American cultures as a natural moisturizer.
Babassu Powder (Orbignya Phalerata) — Throughout the ages South Americans have ground babassu nuts into a fine, silk-like powder to use in food; used today to absorb wetness on the skin.
Benzophenone — See Sunscreen.
Beta-Carotene — An antioxidant phytonutrient that can be converted into vitamin A in the body as needed. Natural beta-carotene sources are Dunaleiella salina and Blakesla trispora, which help provide the natural dietary ratio of tras-and cis- beta-carotene forms.
Beta Sitosterol — One of several plant sterols found in most plants with immune enhancing and cortisol-balancing properties.
Betaine — Derived from sugar beets; a soothing and moisturizing ingredient.
Bisabolol — A soothing agent derived from chamomile.
Bioavailabilty — The extent to which an ingested nutrient is absorbed, taken up by the body's tissues, and utilized for its specific functions.
Bioflavonoids — A family of antioxidant compounds found as pigments in numerous fruits and vegetables.
BioPhotonics — a field of study of using light to measure biomarkers in a living organism.
Bitter Orange (Citrus Aurantium Dulcis) — Used by various cultures throughout the Caribbean and China to soothe skin.
Body Defense Score (BDS) — This is the numeric number generated by the Pharmanex Bio Photonic Scanner. Your BDS is an immediate reading of your own skin carotenoid content and an important indicator of the overall strength of your body's antioxidant defense system.
Body Defense Index (BDI) — This is a summary of all participants that have been scanned with the Pharmanex BioPhotonic Scanner. The BDI is categorized according to antioxidant protection levels-weak, marginal, average, or optimal.
Boron — a trace element found in many body tissues and may provide dietary support for bone structure.
Burdock Root Extract (Arctium Lappa) — Historically used to help troubled complexions.
Carrot Extract (Daucus Carota Sativis) — Natural source of pro-vitamin A that helps promote healthy looking skin.
Ceregen (Structured Wheat Hydrocolloid Complex) — A conditions wheat protein complex exclusive to Nu Skin Hair Care.
Chamomile Extract (Anthemis Noblilis and Chamomilla Recutita) — Well know for its soothing, conditioning, and softening effects.
Cholorella Vulgaris Extract — See Sealastin.
Citrisomes — Patented liposomes containing grapefruit seed extract, effective against odor-causing organisms.
Clematis Vitalba Leaves — Used for generations by Medieval Europeans to soothe flaky , dry skin.
Colorless Carotenoid (Dunaliella Salina Extract) — A unique antioxidant produced from algae grown in the waters of Israel. Helps protect skin from environmental hazards.
Copper Gluconate (Blue Copper) — An element essential to like; shown to be effective for firming and tightening the skin.
Copper PCA — A copper salt of PCA, a skin conditioner and humectant.
Cordyline Terminalis — Hawaiian Ti leaves treasured for hundreds of year by Polynesians for their skin-soothing properties.
Cucumber Extract (Cucumis Sativus) — An excellent skin-soother and skin conditioner.
Carbohydrate — A compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; most are known as sugars, starches, and dietary fibers.
Carotenoids — A family of antioxidant phytonutrients including beta-carotene, lutein, alpha-carotene, and lycopene.
Catechins — A class of flavonoids found in green tea with powerful cell DNA protection properties. The primary catechin found in green tea is epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG).
Cetyl Esters Complex — An all natural ester form of fatty acids, including cetyl myristoleate. This complex has an important function in the building and maintenance of healthy cells and is used by the body as an emulsifier and lubricant.
Chelated Minerals — a well-tolerated absorbable source of trace minerals these mineral are covalently bonded to amino acids, unlike conventional salt forms of minerals.
Chromium — a trace mineral which provides dietary support for the normal metabolism of glucose.
Coenzyme Q10 (Ubiquinone) — An antioxidant which provides circulatory and cellular benefits.
Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) — A fatty acid that occurs naturally in cheese, turkey, and other related foods.
Cordyceps Sinensis — An ancient mushroom prized in the Chinese culture for restoring vitality and stamina and promoting healthy lung function.
Cortisol — Anecessary compound for the restoration of depleted energy stores, cortisol is produced by your body in response to stressful events. The occasional release of this fight-or-flight hormone is essential to our ability to respond to emergency situations. But too frequent release of cortisol in response to the daily stresses of our increasingly hectic lives can have negative health consequences.
Dipotasium Glycyrrihiznate — A water soluble skin calming, soothing agent, derived from the licorice plant.
DNA Repair Enzymes — Derived from marine plankton, these enzymes promote skin recovery form the effects of harsh environments.
Dunaliella Salina Extract — See Colorless Carotenoids.
Epimedium Koreanum — The use of theis medicinal herb dates back to 400 A.D. Epimedium is a genus of 21 related plant species and is more commonly known as horny goat weed. studies show that epimedium may function as an adaptogen providing either an energy-promotion effect or an anti-stress effect when needed.
Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate — See Sunscreen.
Evening Primorse Oil (Denothera Biennis) — A natural lipid and emollient, high in linoleic and linolenic acids.
Executive Circle Group — Executive Circle Group consists of all retail customers, Privileged Member Customers, Distributors and qualifying Executives. Your Executive Circle does not include other Executive level Distributors.
Flavonoids — A family of antioxidant phytonurtients found in plant-derived foods, such as citrus fruits (bioflavonoids), red grapes and red wine (anthocyanins), bilberries (anthocyanoisides), and grape seeds (proanthocyanins).
Folic Acid (Folate) — Provides dietary support for normal DNA synthesis, cell division, and development of red blood cells.
Free Radicals — Unstable molecules in the body that seek, attack, and damage neighboring molecules, making a continuing chain reaction of free radical formation and molecular damage. This chain reaction can lead to extensive damage of cell membranes, DNA, and tissue proteins.
Green Tea — Contains polyphenol compounds known as catechins. Provides DNA and cell protection by combating free radicals that occur from pollution, stress, smoke, and toxins.
Green Tea Camellia (Olefiera and Camellia Sinensis) — An antioxidant that helps sooth troubled skin and even out skin tones.
Group Sales Volume (GSV) — Group Sales Volume represents the cumulative volume of all retail customers, Privileged Member Customers, Distributors, and qualifying Executives within your Circle Group.
Ginkgo Biloba — Extracts from the leaves of this ancient tree have been shown to promote circulation, concentration, and memory.
Ginseng — A group of plants that provides adaptogenic effects by promoting healthy energy levels and reducing mental fatigue and tiredness.
Glucosol — Glucosol is an oil-based extract of corosolic acid from the leaves of medicinal plant Lagestroemia Speciosa L. the active marker compund of Glucosol, corosolic acid, has been shown to help maintain normal transport of blood glucose into the cells.
Glycerin — A humectant derived from soybean and corn oil; provides superior moisturization.
Glycyrrhiza Glagra (Licorice) Root — See Licorice Extract.
Hibiscus Flower Extract (Hibiscus Rosasinesis) — Used throughout Polynesia, Southeast Asia, and Central and South America for creating an infusion to cleanse, soften, and soothe.
Honey Extract — A naturally fermented product of honey and a natural alpha hydroxy acid.
Hores Chestnut (Aesculus Hippocastanum) — An extract form a flowering tree that invigorates and energizes the skin.
Hylauronic Acid — A moisturizing compound found naturally in the skin; selected for its capacity to bind moisture to the skin's surface.
Hydrolyzed Soy Protein — Historically, a food staple in Asian diets; know to add strength and manageability to hair.
Hydroxytyrosol — A free radical-scavenging polyphenol found in extra virgin olive oil that promotes smooth, flawless skin.
Hypnea Musciformis — An extract of red algae that soothes and calms skin.
IBR-Dormin (Narcissus Tazetta Extract) — A natural compound in the carcissus bulb; scientifically shwon to enhance cellular durability and improve the skin's natural defense against environmental aggressors.
Inositol — Assists in the formation of phosphatidylinositol, a naturally occurring lipid found in cell membranes.
Insulin — A hormone produced by the pancreas that stimulates the uptake of glucose by body cells and stimulates the synthesis of glycogen and other macromolecules.
Jojoba Oil (Simmondsia Chinensis) — A natural moisturizer derived form the seeds of a desert shrub; helps hair and skin look and feel soft.
Kukui Nut Oil (Aleurites Moluccana) — A natural emollient rich in essential fatty acids; derived from the Hawaiian kukui nut.
L1 Bonus — A bonus paid based on the PSV of all personally sponsored Distributors and Privileged Member Customers. When personally sponsored Distributors are inactive for at least six months, the L1 Bonus is paid only on the PSV of the next level Distributor (Compression). L1 Bonus is paid only to Distributors that fulfill the active requirement.
L2 Bonus — A bonus paid only to Distributors and qualifying Executives based on the PSV of all second level Distributors and all Privileged Member Customers of their personally sponsored Distributors. When second level Distributors are inactive for at least six months, the L2 Bonus is only paid on the PSV of the next level Distributor (Compression).
L2 Qualifiers — L2 Bonus is paid to Distributors or qualifying Executives that fulfill one of the following requirements:
1. 100 PSV with one monthly-billed service ($25 minimum) from the Privileged Member Program and at least two personally sponsored, new active (100 PSV) Distributors in that month.
2. 500 Qualifying Sales Volume (QSV)* with one monthly-billed service from the Privileged Member Program.
L-Arginine — A naturally occurring, semi-essential amino acid which is a precursor to nitric oxide, a potent vasodilator.
L-Cystenine — An amino acid naturally found in the body that is a nutritional building block for normal healthy hair and nails.
L-Methionine — an essential amino acid that is a nutritional building block for normal healthy hair and nails.
Lactic Acid — See Alpha Hydroxy Acid.
Lactobacillus Fermentum — An exclusive (patented) strain of Lactobacillus, which was selected by Pharmanex because of its ability to remain stable, colonize, and remain in gastrointestinal tract longer than other strains of Lactobacillus.
Lauryl Isoquinolinium Bromide (LIB) — A shave minimising ingredient. Helps facial hair appear finer and softer Reduces the appearance of five o'clock shadow.
Lavender Extract (Lavandula Angutifolia) — Used since ancient times as a purifying ingredient.
Lichochalcone — Abright yellow extract from licorice; helps reduce sebum production while soothing skin.
Licorice Extract (Glycyrrhiza Glabra Root) — Helps soothe the skin and reduce the appearance of skin discoloration.
Liquid Crystals — Cholesteryl esters that are similar to the skin'' moisture barrier; help moisturize the skin.
Lutein — A carotenoid found in fruits and vegetables that is an excellent antioxidant.
Lycopene — A carotenoid found in tomatoes and watermelon that is an antioxidant.
Magnolia Bark — Magnolia bark is a traditional Chinese medicine that's been used since 100 A.D. to treat digestive disturbances caused by emotional distress and emotional turmoil. Magnolia bark is rich in two biphelnol compounds (magnolol and honokiol), which are thought to contribute to the primary anti-stress and cortisol-loweing effects of the plant.
Malvaceae Extract (Hibiscus Abelmoschuus) — A plant lipid extract, similar to lipids found between skin cells, that helps inhibit the appearance of cellulite.
Marine Diatoms (Diatomsceous Earth) — Fine particle from planktonic algae used to gently exfoliate dead skin cells.
Meadow foam Seed Oil (Limnanthes Alba) — Natural emollient; moisturizes and conditions skin.
Melatonin — A naturally occurring hormone in the body, which when supplemented provides dietary support for the maintenance of normal restful sleep.
Mentha Arvensis — A natural wild mint that cools and revives the skin. Used by southwestern Native Americans tribes.
Menthol — Derived from peppermint oil; provides a cooling sensation.
Menthol PCA — An ingredient that provides skin cooling without the usual menthol odor.
Metabolism — Chemical reactions that occur in the body, enabling cells to release energy from foods, convert one substance into another, and prepare end products for excretion.
Micrococcus Lysate — See DNA Repair Enzymes.
Minerals — Essential micronutirents that are required in the diet. They function as cofactors in many reactions and help form intrinsic antioxidants in the human body.
Monthly Executive Maintenance Requirements — 100 Personal Sales Volume and 2,000 Group Sales Volume.*
* All Bonuses are calculated on a monthly basis, and mailed on or about the 20th of the following month.
Mother of Pear Extract — Obtained from fresh water pearls; long used by people of the South Pacific to help reduce puffiness and promote healthy looking skin.
Mugwort Extract (Artemisia Vulgaris) — An ingredient that soothes and calms the skin.
Mulberry (Morus Alba) — A plant extract that helps suppress discoloration caused by sun exposure, melanin production, and the natural aging process.
Mullein (Verbascum Thapsus) — A flowering plant indigenous to the American Southwest; used for its soothing effects by Native Americans.
Muschroom Extract (Fomes Officinalis) — A natural astringent shown to improve skin tightness and firmness as it diminishes the appearance of pores.
Narcissus Tazetta Extract — See IBR-Dormin.
Natural Killer (NK) Cells — A highly specialized group of immune cells that are acutely attracted to certain unwanted cells in the body.
Nylon — 12- Specially engineered nylon powder. Tiny spherical particles allow it to glide smoothly on skin.
N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine — Supports glutathione production. Glutathione helps maintain glutathione peroxidase, which is an important antioxidant enzyme found in the body.
Octyl Methoxycinnamate — See Sunscreen.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids — A class of fatty acids that supports normal cardiovascular health and immune function and provides an important natural counterbalance to the high dietary intakes of omega-6 fatty acids. The two primary fatty acids include doxosa-hexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).
Oxybenzone — See Sunscreen.
Panthenol — Member of the vitamin B family; a revitalizing moisturizer and conditioner for both skin and hair.
Papin — An enzyme from the tropical fruit papaya that helps eliminate build-up in pores.
Parsol 1789 — See Sunscreen.
Peppermint Oil (Mentha Piperita) — A natural plant oil that cools, invigorates, and stimulates the skin.
Persimmon Tannis (Diospyros Viginiana) — Afruit extract used by Native American tribes to help enhance the skin's elasticity and firmness.
Personal Sales Volume (PSV) — The monthly point value of the products and services you purchase from the Company primarily for retail sale.**
** 80% of PSV must be sold or consumed prior to your next order.
Phosphatidylcholine — Derived from soy, helps protect cell membranes and maintain skin fluidity.
Pistachio Oil (Pistacia Vera) — A nut oil rich in fatty acids that moisturizes and softens the skin.
Plankton Extract — See DNA Repair Enzymes.
Point Value (PV) — The point value assigned to the purchase of products and services upon which bonuses are calculated.
Polyphenols — Naturally occurring, potent antioxidants.
Potassium Ascorbyl Tocopheryl Phosphate — A super antioxidant formed by binding vitamins C and E into one compound, giving synergetic free radical squelching ability. Quinoa- A protein-rich grain grown high in the Andes that helps repair hair damage and keeps hair looking healthy.
Phosphatidylserine — Phosphatidyleserine is a naturally occurring phospholipid found primarily in the brain and which assists with brain function and neurotransmitter metabolism. It also is found in other cells throughout the body and has been shown to modulate many aspects of coritsol control-especially overproduction.
Phytonutrients — Non-essential dietary compound found in plant foods that are known to possess beneficial qualities, such as antioxidant properties.
Plicosanol — A natural product derived from the outer waxy coating of certain plants. It can be extracted form beeswax, sugar cane, and rice bran. Pharmanex uses proprietary delivery system (PoliSorb.) designed for optimal absorption of policosanol.
PolmerPlex — A unique fiber derived from the exoskeleton of shellfish. An extensive purification process (deacetylation) changes the structure of the shellfish extract (chitin), allowing it to work with the body's digestive system.
Polyphenol — An antioxidant compound of green tea, which, contains catechins, including EGCg, ECG, and EGC.
Privileged Member Bonus — $20 per Privileged Member Customer, paid to Distributor each time a Privileged Member Customer enrolls in at least 75 PSV of products or services from any division at the time of sign-up. This bonus does not apply to personally sponsored Privileged Member Distributors.
Privileged Member Customer — A Privileged Member Customer is a non-Distributor who subscribes to at least one subscription service. A Privileged Member Customer qualifies for product purchases at wholesale prices, plus a Privileged Member Customer can earn Privileged Member points to redeem for selected products.
Privileged Member Subscription Services — Select Big Planet subscription services, Nu Skin FountainClub, and Pharmanex Automatic Delivery Program.
Probiotic — Friendly, live bacteria found naturally in the human intestinal tract, which when taken orally can promote or restore a healthy balance of intestinal flora.
Protein — Compounds made of amino acids, containing carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and at times other atoms.
Qualifying Sales Volume (QSV) — The total of your PSV and all of your Level 1 Privileged Member Volume. QSV will determine L2 qualification of 500 QSV and qualification for the Executive Performance Bonus Pool.
Retinol — A pure form of vitamin A that helps smooth fine lines and wrinkles, increase skin clarity, and bring radiance to the complexion.
Retinyl Palmitate — A form of vitamin A, an antioxidant and conditioner that encourages skin elasticity and smoothness.
Rice Starch (Oryza Sativa) — Gives cosmetic powders fine, soft textures with blendability; also absorbs oil and helps diminish shine.
Royal Jelly — Food source for queen bees; contains emollient-rich proteins.
Ryboz — A combination of DNA chains that promotes nourishing and invigorating effects.
Salicylic Acid — Abeta hydozy acid that promotes skin exfoliation; used for both anti-aging and anti-acne benefits.
SeaLastin (Chlorella Vulgaris Extract) — Derived from algae grown off the coast of France; helps protect the support structures of skin.
Selenium — An essential trace mineral and cofactor for the antioxidant enzyme glutathinone peroxidase.
Shea Butter(Butyrospermum Parkii) — A rich emollient that enhances the skin's natural barrier function and increases moisture levels.
Silica — A powder that absorbs excess oil and creates blendable makeup textures.
Silicon — A trace element, which provides dietary support for normal bone structure.
Sisku'pas (Tsuga Heterophylla) - Used by indigenous people of the Pacific Northwest for it's skin-soothing effects.
Soy Isoflavones — Agroup of phytonutrients isolated from soy beans. Isoflavones (phytoestrogens) are flavonoids with antioxidant properties.
Soy Lipids (Clycine Soja) — Protects the skin's delicate moisture barrier; helps skin stay soft and hydrated.
Squalane — Derived from olive oil; chemically resembles sebum, making it highly effective skin conditioner.
Stearyl Clycyrrhetinate — A lipid-soluble skin calming, soothing agent. Derived from the licorice plant.
Strawberry Extract (Fragaria Vesca) — Helps soothe skin and reduce that appearance of pores.
Sunflower Seed Extract (Helianthus Annus) — Protects from environmental factors while adding shine to hair.
Sunscreen — An active ingredient that helps prevent sun damage by absorbing harmful UV radiation.
Tegreen 97 (Camellia Sinensis) — A proprietary Pharmanex antioxidant that helps protect the skin from oxidizing free radical damage.
Thea Sinesis Extract — See Green Tea.
Theanine — L-theanine is an amino acid that is found naturally in green tea laves. It is known to enhance the production of alpha brain waves, which helps calm the mind and improve mental clarity.
Thioctic Acid — See Alpha Lipoic Acid.
Tocopherol (Vitamin E) — A fat-soluble vitamin that is one of the most important antioxidants and is essential for reproduction.
Tocopherol Acetate — A form of vitamin E; an excellent skin moisturizer and conditioner.
Tocopheryl Linoleate — A form of vitamin E that promotes soft, supple skin.
Tocotrienol — A member of the vitamin E family, displaying similar antioxidant properties as tocopherols.
Triclosan — An antibacterial agent that controls odor-causing bacteria.
Vitamin A — See Retinol.
Vitamin C — See Ascorbic Acid .
Vitamin E — See Tocopherol.
Vitamins — Essential micronutrients that are required in the diet because they cannot be synthesized in the human body. Vitamins can function as antioxidants and coenzymes, compounds necessary for specific reactions in the body.
White Tea Extract (Juglans Regia) — An antioxidant high in certain catechins; helps protect and restore the skin's natural resiliency.
Withch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana) — A time-proven ingredient that refreshes skin and improves the appearance of pores.
Ylang Ylang (Cananga odorata) — A plant used throughout Polynesia and Indo-Malaysia for its warming, moisturizing massage benefits.
Zinc Oxide (Micronized) — A sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays while helping control excess oil and shine.
Zinc PCA — A sebum reducer.
Zinc Pyrithione — Controls flaking, scaling, and itching of the scalp associated with dandruff.